This Week in History – Feb. 2

February 2, 1848 – The war between the U.S. and Mexico (the Mexican-American War) ended with the signing of the Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo. In exchange for $15 million, the U.S. acquired the areas encompassing parts or all of present-day California, Nevada, Utah, Arizona, New Mexico, Colorado, Wyoming, and Texas. The U.S. started the war to acquire those territories when Mexico refused to sell. The treaty was ratified on March 10, 1848. Continue reading “This Week in History – Feb. 2”

This Week in History – Jan. 8

January 8, 1815 – The final act of the War of 1812 — the Battle of New Orleans — was fought. General Andrew Jackson and a rag-tag army of American militia, regular army soldiers, Indians, free blacks, and Jean Lafitte’s pirates defended the city against a ferocious British attack, inflicting over 2,000 casualties and killing the British commander. Tragically, both sides in this battle were unaware that peace had already been declared two weeks earlier with the signing of the Treaty of Ghent in Europe. Continue reading “This Week in History – Jan. 8”

This Week in History – Dec. 29

December 29, 1890 – US Cavalry soldiers murdered over 300 Hunkpapa Sioux – men, women and children – near Wounded Knee Creek, South Dakota. This event, now known as the Massacre at Wounded Knee, put a final stamp on US government policy of genocide and land appropriation towards the American Indian peoples. Continue reading “This Week in History – Dec. 29”